Write a note on Sociolinguistics?

Write a comprehensive note on Sociolinguistics and its significance?

Critically examine sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics are branches of linguistics?

Sociolinguistics studies the relationship between language and society?

Apart from this, Edward Sapir (1884-1939) behaviorist puts down about the linguistics in the following words as:

More than this, Noam Chomsky

Sociolinguistics is the study of language in relation to society. Language is always meant for society. The social interaction and communication of ideas and messages can be possible only through language. According to

Besides, sociolinguistics throws light on both the nature of language and the nature of society. David Crystal sees sociolinguistics as:

More than this, on every step of life, language is required to fulfill the essential needs of life or to identify the living and nonliving things in this world. Sociolinguistics is the codification of the social functions of language. It is closely related to both sociology and general linguistics as R.A. Hudson asserts about sociolinguistics:

“Sociolinguistics is the study of language and in relation to society”.

Assumption about Sociolinguistics

Sociolinguistics observes various aspects of language and different assumptions are provided in this respect.

Pidgin is a contact language, are adapted to fulfill the essential needs of communication with members of other communities. Longman defines it as:

Creole is also another assumption of sociolinguistics. It acquires the status of the native language. Usually, the sentence structure and vocabulary range of a creole are far more complex than those of pidgin languages:

Idiolect is the individual expression of language within the overall system of particular language.

A dialect is a special form of a given language, spoken in a certain locality or geographic area, showing sufficient differences from the standard form of that language as pronunciation, grammatical construction and idiomatic use of words:

Sociolect is the collective social factors and expression of language. According to Longman:

Diglossia is the regular use of two or more dialects or languages within a speech community. It is a situation in which two languages or two forms of a language are used under different conditions in a society.

Registers are the occupational use of language. The name was given to a variety of a language distinguished according to use:

Scope of Sociolinguistics

Sociolinguistics enjoys a wider area of a frame as it is the bridge between language and society, and fascinating field of linguistics. It studies the social behavior. The challenging field of study is also the scope of sociolinguistics. Language changes its form and structure on the basis of social conditions.

Comparison with psycholinguistics

Sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics are coming closer to each other with the realization that mere grammatical competence is not enough, one acquires communicative competence too. Psycholinguistics is language and mind, sociolinguistics is language and society.


To wind it up, it can rightly be said without any doubt that sociolinguistics plays the wider role in the relation between language and society. They work as the two sides of the same coin.

Sociolinguistics is the study of speech functions according to the speaker, the hearer, their relationship and contact, the topic of discourse and form of discourse. The basic assumptions of sociolinguistics are

Study of social behavior, challenging field of study are the scope of sociolinguistics. One also reads about sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics. 

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