Seamus Heaney (2009)
Seamus Justin Heaney ( ‘ʃeɪməs’ hiːni , born April 13, 1939 near Castledawson , County Londonderry , Northern Ireland , † August 30, 2013 in Dublin  ) was an Irish writer and in 1995 the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature .
Table of Contents
o 4.1English editions
o 4.3German issues
· 6web links
· 7individual proofs
Seamus Heaney came as the first child of nine children from a Catholic peasant family; the father traded with cattle.  After the non-denominational elementary school Anahorish Heaney attended from 1951 to 1957 with a scholarship  the Catholic boarding school St. Columb’s College in Londonderry .  With a scholarship Heaney was 1957-1961 the subject English Studies at Queen’s University in Belfast to study.  Among his fellow students at that time were the future Canadian writer George McWhirterand the later Irish literary scholar and writer Seamus Deane . 
Marie and Seamus Heaney (1996)
After graduation, Heaney worked as a teacher at St. Thomas Secondary School and St. Joseph College in Belfast and since 1966 as a lecturer at Queen’s University. In the academic year 1970/71 he took a guest lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley . After uttered by him notice to Belfast’s university post Heaney moved in 1972 with his family in the County Wicklow in the Republic of Ireland to Glanmore Cottage , where he usually wrote his poems.  Since 1976, Heaney inhabited a house in a suburb of the Irish capital Dublin. There he taught at Carysfort College before becoming professor of rhetoric from 1985 to 2006at Harvard University in the US . At the same time he was from 1989 to 1994 Professor of Poetry at the University of Oxford . He was a Saoi at Aosdána .
Heaney was a supporter of the Irish for Europe Citizens’ Initiative for Ireland’s approval of the Treaty of Lisbon . 
Seamus Heaney was married to the teacher Marie Devlin; The couple got two sons and a daughter.  He died in August 2013 at the age of 74.  He’s in his birthplace Bellaghy buried on his grave stone is a line of poetry from the text The Gravel Walks engraved: “walk on air against your better judgment”. [8th]
Heaney’s first poems appeared in London and Belfast magazines after 1961. His early volumes, Death of a Naturalist (1966) and Door into the Dark (1969), established his reputation as a contemporary poet. In his works, he often dealt with his homeland, with its history, and partly with Irish myths and legends.
On the one hand, the volumes of poetry Wintering Out (1972) and North (1975) reflect the conflict in Northern Ireland , without, however, that Heaney could be described as a political poet in the narrower sense; On the other hand, they have both Irish and English poetry traditions that make Heaney appear in cultural identity as a Briton and as a member of the Catholic minority in Northern Ireland. Heaney is perhaps more significant in terms of literary significance in those poems in which he describes the experiences of nature and interprets them as metaphors for human existence, as in the poem of initiation Death of a Naturalist .
In 1990 he published his first play The cure at Troy . In 1999 he wrote a new English translation of the Beowulf in bar rhymes . In 2010 his poetry book Human chain was published.
Heany had been very committed to the establishment of an Irish translator center , as it already exists in several countries, in Germany z. B. as a European Translators College in Straelen . His efforts were posthumously successful in 2018, and in Dublin , the Trinity Center for Literary and Cultural Translation was inaugurated in a Georgian villa on Fenian Street . The center is organizationally linked to the University of Dublin . 
In 1968 he received the Geoffrey Faber Memorial Prize for his work Death of a Naturalist and in 1994 the Horst Bienek Prize for Poetry . In 1995 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature . In 2006, he was honored with the TS Eliot Prize . In January 2008, Heaney was awarded the Cunningham Medal, the highest honor of the Royal Irish Academy. In 2009 he received the David Cohen Prize for his complete work  and in 2011 the Irish Book ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ . In 1986 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences .
· Blackberry Picking
· Mid term break
· Eleven Poems (Belfast: Festival Publications, Queen’s University, 1965)
· Digging (Faber & Faber, 1966)
· Death of a Naturalist (Faber & Faber, 1966)
· A Lough Neagh Sequence (Manchester: Phoenix Pamphlets Poets Press, 1969)
· Door into the Dark (Faber & Faber, 1969)
· Boy Driving His Father to Confession (Surrey: Scepter Press, 1970)
· Night Drive (Devon: Richard Gilbertson, 1970)
· Servant Boy (Detroit: Red Hanrahan Press, 1971)
· Wintering Out (Faber & Faber, 1972)
· The Fire in Flint: Reflections on the Poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins (Oxford University Press, 1975)
· North (Faber & Faber, 1975)
· Field Work (Faber & Faber, 1979)
· Selected Poems 1965-1975 (Faber & Faber, 1980)
· To Open Letter (Field Day, 1983)
· Station Island (Faber & Faber, 1984)
· The Haw Lantern (Faber & Faber, 1987)
· New Selected Poems 1966-1987 (Faber & Faber, 1990)
· Seeing Things (Faber & Faber, 1991)
· Sweeney’s Flight (with Rachel Giese, photographer) (Faber & Faber, 1992)
· The Spirit Level (Faber & Faber, 1996)
· Opened Ground: Poems 1966-1996 (Faber & Faber, 1998)
· Electric Light (Faber & Faber, 2001)
· District and Circle (Faber and Faber, 2006)
· Human Chain . Faber & Faber, London 2010, ISBN 978-0-571-26922-8 .
· Beowulf. A New Verse Translation . WW Norton, New York City 2001, ISBN 0-393-32097-9 .
· North. North . Poems. English and German German. Translated from English by Richard Pietraß . Afterword by Wolfgang Wicht. Reclam, Leipzig 1987 ISBN 3-379-00150-3
· The rosehip lantern. The Haw Lantern. Poems. English and German German. Translated from English by Giovanni Bandini and Ditte King. Hanser, Munich 1990 ISBN 3-446-15333-0
· Selected poems. Translated from English by Giovanni Bandini, Ditte King and Richard Pietraß. Hanser, Munich 1995 ISBN 3-446-18284-5
· Defense of poetry. Oxford lectures. Translated from English by Giovanni Bandini and Ditte King. Hanser, Munich 1996 ISBN 3-446-18750-4
· The spirit level. Poems. English and German German. Translated from English by Giovanni Bandini and Ditte King. Hanser, Munich 1998 ISBN 3-446-19297-2
· Electric light . Poems. English and German German. Translated from English by Giovanni Bandini and Ditte King. Hanser, Munich 2002 ISBN 3-446-20141-6
· Poetry album 283 . Märkischer publishing house, Wilhelmshorst 2009 ISBN 978-3-931329-83-9
· Michael Krüger (ed.): The Blackbird of Glanmore. Poems 1965-2006. Fischer, Frankfurt / Main 2011 ISBN 978-3-596-19135-2
· Blake Morrison : Seamus Heaney . London: Methuen, 1982